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Process models and simulation for efficient manufacture and production scheduling: minimising carbon footprint and cost while maximising productivity

   School of Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering

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  Prof R Buswell  No more applications being accepted  Funded PhD Project (Students Worldwide)

About the Project

3-D concrete printing and the latest hybrid manufacturing processes (using robotic milling and finishing processes with concrete printing) are new digitally driven automated construction technologies that can be seen in manufacturing buildings worldwide. These processes have huge potential to address the challenge of net-zero construction manufacturing, but we need to understand how to do this and where the technical challenges are.

This PhD is part of a cohort of five PhDs focused on answering this question. It will bring together the disciplines of life-cycle analysis and circular economy, structural engineering, manufacturing engineering, and material science.

You will work together and develop as a team and your combined research will inform a roadmap of improvement that will influence these technologies worldwide.

This studentship will focus on creating process precision models, inflation algorithms based on physical experiments using additive and subtractive processes to enable design tool development, tool path generation optimisation and process simulation to minimise material waste and enable production simulation for maximum productivity.

Study interests should include: CNC process, automation, CAD, tool path generation, calibration and testing, printing, milling, measurement, quality control, modelling, process simulation.

The successful candidate is likely to have a background in manufacturing, and/or mechanical engineering.


Primary supervisor: Prof. Richard Buswell

Entry requirements for United Kingdom

Applicants should have or expect to achieve a 2:1 or first-class honours degree (or equivalent international qualification) in a relevant discipline. A relevant master’s degree and/or employment experience will be an advantage.

English language requirements

Applicants must meet the minimum English language requirements. Further details are available on the International website.

Find out more about research degree funding

How to apply

All applications should be made online and must include a research proposal. Under the programme name, select 'School of Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering'. Please quote the advertised reference number ABCE/Hybrid-3DCP/4 in your application and ensure you submit the minimum supporting documents. For more guidance, see also the studentship assessment criteria.

Apply now

Funding Notes

UK fee
Fully funded full-time degree per annum
International fee
Fully funded full-time degree per annum
Tuition fees cover the cost of your teaching, assessment and operating University facilities such as the library, IT equipment and other support services. University fees and charges can be paid in advance and there are several methods of payment, including online payments and payment by instalment. Fees are reviewed annually and are likely to increase to take into account inflationary pressures.
The three-year studentship provides a tax-free stipend of £17,668 a year (2022/23 rate) for the duration of the studentship plus tuition fees at the home or international rate.
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