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QUADRAT DTP CASE: Sustainable Resilience to Coastal Erosion: A Demonstration Project of an Innovative System for Erosion Mitigation for Coastal Golf Courses


QUADRAT

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Dr D Green , Prof J McKinley , Dr D Mauquoy , Dr Brian Burnham No more applications being accepted Competition Funded PhD Project (Students Worldwide)

About the Project

All coastlines are subject to dynamic change through wave and wind action resulting in significant loss or gain of land through erosion and/or accretion. Many areas around the World are increasingly being exposed to such threats resulting in the partial or complete loss assets in the most severe cases. In the future, climate change will likely accelerate the rate of coastline change with rising sea levels and more frequent and energetic storms.

Evidence of climate change impacts on coasts around the world, the increasing demands being placed on dwindling management budgets, and the growing need to protect valuable coastal assets suggests the need for new more cost-effective approaches to local coastal management problems. A focus on developing new low-cost environmentally tolerable and sustainable solutions will therefore be important.

This research project will design, model, implement and test a novel coastal engineering solution to facilitate the protection of coastal assets at risk such as golf courses. A hybrid solution using sustainable materials bound into a flexible and tethered structure allowing wind- and water-borne material to penetrate and be captured by the structure will be developed. This will be a low-cost structure that can be easily installed, maintained, and managed at the local community level.

The proposed structure will also need to be tested over time, in different locations, and under different conditions. To achieve this, the structure will first be modelled using mathematical engineering software. This will facilitate refinement of the design and permit testing of the structural integrity of the platform, its flexibility and any stresses exerted, and will help to optimise the physical structure for placement in different coastal locations. The final structure will be constructed using sustainable materials. A tethering system will also be designed to hold the structure in place.

A number of coastal golf courses at risk from coastal erosion in Aberdeen(shire), Montrose, Cornwall, and Portrush in Northern Ireland will be used to undertake trialling of the proposed coastal protection structure. Coastal modelling, wave over-topping and wave climate models (SWAN), as well as software MIKE21 and GIS will help to optimise the positioning of the structure using techniques such as Multi-Criteria Analysis (MCA).

Testing of the structure will require in-situ monitoring. The structure will include a number of onboard sensors to monitor stresses and strains as well as structural deformation over time. A drone and camera sensor will be used to fly each of the sites to acquire aerial images, mosaics and 3D models and establish environmental baselines. This will allow spatio-temporal changes to be monitored and derivation of quantitative measurements such as volumetric change. This will be useful to optimise the proposed coastal protection structure. Comparison with other coastal protection solutions will also be undertaken.

This is an applied research project requiring expertise in modelling, GIS, geo-statistics, remote sensing and engineering. An interest in drones and their application is desirable. Practical support will be provided by the University (AICSM, GIS, and UCEMM), DroneLite (drone company), the CASE partner and collaboration with R&A and local authorities.

More project details are available here: https://www.quadrat.ac.uk/projects/sustainable-resilience-to-coastal-erosion-a-demonstration-project-of-an-innovative-system-for-erosion-mitigation-for-coastal-golf-courses-case/

How to apply: https://www.quadrat.ac.uk/how-to-apply/

Funding Notes

QUADRAT studentships are open to UK and international candidates (EU and non-EU). Funding will cover UK tuition fees/stipend/research & training support grant only.

Before applying please check full funding and eligibility information: https://www.quadrat.ac.uk/funding-and-eligibility/

References

Fitton, J.M., Hansom, J.D., and Rennie, A.F., 2016. A national coastal erosion susceptibility model for Scotland. Ocean & Coastal Management. Volume 132:80-89.

Masselink, G., and Russell, P., 2013. Impacts of climate change on coastal erosion. MCCIP Science Review. 2013:71-86.
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