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Reading and writing in a digital world

   School of Education and Social Work

  Dr Duygu Candarli, Dr Lynne Duncan  Monday, October 31, 2022  Self-Funded PhD Students Only

About the Project

The relationship between reading and writing has been well-documented in the literature for printed text. What is less clear is how writing and reading skills relate in a digital world and how digital technologies shape the development of these two skills. This interdisciplinary project aims to explore cognitive, linguistic and or social aspects of writing and reading development in a digital world and to understand the impact of digital technologies on reading and writing in either monolingual or bilingual learning contexts. While the focus of this project will be determined by the interests and expertise of the student, we welcome research proposals that aim to investigate writing and reading development from multidisciplinary theoretical and methodological perspectives. Possible topics might include the cognitive load or linguistic demands of writing and reading in digital environments, the impact of the use of digital technologies on writing and reading development, longitudinal studies of bilinguals’ reading and writing development, comprehension or production of digital versus printed texts, reading and writing assessment in the digital age or the impact of interactive/personalised elements in digital reading and writing experiences.

We invite applications from strong and motivated candidates who are prepared to take the leading role in this project. We envisage students will have a background in Education, TEFL/TESOL, Psychology, Linguistics or another related discipline. Depending on academic background, students may be advised to undertake one of our MEd or MSc Psychology programmes as preparation for PhD study.

For informal enquiries about the project, contact Dr Duygu Candarli,  

For general enquiries about the University of Dundee, contact

Our research community thrives on the diversity of students and staff which helps to make the University of Dundee a UK university of choice for postgraduate research. We welcome applications from all talented individuals and are committed to widening access to those who have the ability and potential to benefit from higher education.


Applicants must have obtained, or expect to obtain, a UK honours degree at 2.1 or above (or equivalent for non-UK qualifications), and/or a Masters degree in a relevant discipline. For international qualifications, please see equivalent entry requirements here:

English language requirement: IELTS (Academic) overall score must be at least 6.5, with not less than 6.5 in reading, listening, speaking or writing. The University of Dundee accepts a variety of equivalent qualifications; please see full details of the University’s English language requirements here:


Step 1: Email Dr Duygu Candarli,  to (1) send a copy of your CV and (2) discuss your potential application and any practicalities (e.g. suitable start date). This project is suitable for a PhD in Education or a PhD in Psychology; please discuss this with Dr Candarli and agree which option would be best for you.

Step 2: After discussion with Dr Candarli, formal applications can be made via our direct application system. When applying, please follow the instructions below:

Candidates must apply for the PhD in Education (3 Year) or for the PhD in Psychology (3 Year) using our direct application system, depending on which option is agreed with the supervisory team. For more information about each option and a link to the direct application system, please see our page on research degrees in Education or our page on research degrees in Psychology.

Please select the study mode (full-time/part-time) and start date agreed with the lead supervisor.

In the Research Proposal section, please:

-       Enter the lead supervisor’s name in the ‘proposed supervisor’ box

-       Enter the project title listed at the top of this page in the ‘proposed project title’ box

In the ‘personal statement’ section, please outline your suitability for the project selected.

Funding Notes

There is no funding attached to this project. The successful applicant will be expected to provide the funding for tuition fees and living expenses, via external sponsorship or self-funding.

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