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Recycling Polymeric based Composites for Construction Applications

School of Engineering and the Built Environment (SEBE)

This project is no longer listed on and may not be available.

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Prof I Shyha No more applications being accepted Self-Funded PhD Students Only

About the Project

In the UK, glass fibre reinforced plastic (GFRP) contributes to 75,000 tons end of life waste in addition to 6,200 tons of production waste. Because 90% of the UK’s FRP currently goes to landfill, the development of recycling solutions for composites is necessary. This is also due to the recent adoption of strict environmental legislation (such as the EU’s End of Life Vehicles Directive which aims to reduce the automotive waste disposed of in landfill by setting targets for reuse, recycling and recovery of materials). This has also led to increased restrictions and costs of composite landfill disposal (Composite in Manufacturing, CIM December 2019, pp 59). On the other hand, the use of composite materials is considerably rising in many industries including aerospace, automotive, sports and medical equipment. Polymeric composites, such as CFRPs and GFRPs, are typically manufacturing by laying up pre-impregnated sheets and hence machining processes are necessary to achieve the required geometrical & dimensional accuracy and create features such as holes for assembly.

This project aims to critically investigate different methods of recycling/reuse the composite waste (either as production waste or end of life waste) to develop strategies for manufacturing functionalised construction structures entirely/partially made from waste. The project is experimentally based and will include the use of equipment such as 3D printers, CNC machining centre, optical and electron microscopy. The project will also create an advanced computer model using ABAQUS to investigate the structural behaviour of GFRP and CFRP composite structures made from recycled materials. The models will be validated using experimental results and then will be used in a detailed parametric study. Finally, a new set of design equations based experimental and numerical studies will be developed to determine the structural capacities GFRP and CFRP composite structures made of recycling materials.

Academic qualifications

A first degree (at least a 2.1) ideally in Mechanical or Construction Engineering with a good fundamental knowledge of Simulation, Manufacturing and Composite Materials.

English language requirement

IELTS score must be at least 6.5 (with not less than 6.0 in each of the four components). Other, equivalent qualifications will be accepted. Full details of the University’s policy are available online.

Essential attributes:

· Experience of fundamental of materials and manufacturing

· Competent in CAD

· Knowledge of composites, manufacturing, design

· Good written and oral communication skills

· Strong motivation, with evidence of independent research skills relevant to the project

· Good time management

Desirable attributes:

Simulation software and CNC programming

Funding Notes

This is an unfunded position


Prof. Islam Shyha is a Professor of Manufacturing Engineering and Head of Mechanical Engineering and Design at the School of Engineering and the Built Environment, Edinburgh Napier University. Prof. Shyha has over 20 years of experience working in higher education. Prof. Shyha received his Postgraduate Certificate in Higher Education Practice from Northumbria University, PhD from The University of Birmingham, MSc, and BSc from Alexandria University. He also worked at Northumbria University and was the Director of Postgraduate Research in the Faculty of Engineering and Environment. Prof. Shyha has been awarded several research projects funded by Newton Fund, Innovate UK, and industrial organisations. He teaches mechanical and manufacturing engineering courses and supervises MSc and PhD projects in the field of advanced manufacturing and materials.
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