Imperial College London Featured PhD Programmes
University of Sussex Featured PhD Programmes
University of Oxford Featured PhD Programmes
Imperial College London Featured PhD Programmes
University of East Anglia Featured PhD Programmes

Structural Performance of Load-Bearing 3D Printed Walls Using Reinforcement methods (Advert Reference: RDF20/EE/MCE/HACKNEY)

Project Description

In the last few years, 3D printing technologies are attracting a growing interest in the construction industry because of its freedom in designing shapes, elements and complex structures without having any formwork. In 3D concrete printing, the main structure is manufactured in layers directly from a digital model and the material is then deposited at its final position. Hence, to some extent it could save wastage of materials, construction time and the manpower required in the construction site.

This research project deals with the structural performance of 3D printed load-bearing walls with directly entrained metal cable as reinforcement. Several options for reinforcement at varying positions and configurations will be compared in terms of printability and structural strength. Subsequently, pull-out tests on cast and printed specimens will provide its bond behaviour. Furthermore, bending and compression tests will indicate the potential of the reinforcement configuration. In addition, an advanced finite element model will be carried out to investigate the structural performance of the load-bearing walls. The approach is expected to facilitate the production of free-form improved load-bearing wall structures with the final aim of saving concrete material and, at the same time, fabricating lighter structures.

This principal supervisor for this project is Associate Professor Phil Hackney. Other members of the supervision team will include Dr Keerthan Poologanthan, Dr Brabha Nagaratnam and A/Prof Alan Richardson.

Eligibility and How to Apply:

Please note eligibility requirement:
• Academic excellence of the proposed student i.e. 2:1 (or equivalent GPA from non-UK universities [preference for 1st class honours]); or a Masters (preference for Merit or above); or APEL evidence of substantial practitioner achievement.
• Appropriate IELTS score, if required.
• Applicants cannot apply for this funding if currently engaged in Doctoral study at Northumbria or elsewhere.

For further details of how to apply, entry requirements and the application form, see

Please note: Applications that do not include a research proposal of approximately 1,000 words (not a copy of the advert), or that do not include the advert reference (e.g. RDF20/EE/MCE/HACKNEY) will not be considered.

Deadline for applications 24 January 2020
Start Date: 1 October 2020

Northumbria University takes pride in, and values, the quality and diversity of our staff. We welcome applications from all members of the community. The University holds an Athena SWAN Bronze award in recognition of our commitment to improving employment practices for the advancement of gender equality.

Funding Notes

The studentship is available to Home/EU/ Worldwide students where a full stipend, paid for three years at RCUK rates (for 2019/20, this is £15,009 pa) and full fees.


L Foster, P. M. Hackney, et al, Building Additive Manufacturing – A Materials Evaluation, RPDM Conference March 2019

L Foster, P. M. Hackney, et al, Materials for Building Construction with Additive Manufacturing Techniques, International Journal of Rapid Manufacturing 2019

Hackney, P. and Wooldridge, R., 2018, Optimisation of Additive Manufactured Sand Printed Mould Material for Aluminium Castings, Procedia Manufacturing 11, 457-465

Hackney, P. and Wooldridge, R., 2017,Characterisation of direct 3D sand printing process for the production of sand cast mould tools, Rapid Prototyping Journal 23 (1), 7-15

Email Now

Insert previous message below for editing? 
You haven’t included a message. Providing a specific message means universities will take your enquiry more seriously and helps them provide the information you need.
Why not add a message here
* required field
Send a copy to me for my own records.

Your enquiry has been emailed successfully

FindAPhD. Copyright 2005-2019
All rights reserved.