Postgrad LIVE! Study Fairs

Birmingham | Edinburgh | Liverpool | Sheffield | Southampton | Bristol

London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine Featured PhD Programmes
University of Glasgow Featured PhD Programmes
University of Kent Featured PhD Programmes
King’s College London Featured PhD Programmes
University College London Featured PhD Programmes

The Effect of Orthoptic Exercises on Clinical Test Responses

  • Full or part time
  • Application Deadline
    Applications accepted all year round
  • Self-Funded PhD Students Only
    Self-Funded PhD Students Only

Project Description

The effect of orthoptic exercises on clinical test responses has been studied in detail but with a focus on typically developing young adults with normal convergence and accommodation (Horwood and Toor 2014, Horwood et al 2014). Convergence-only exercises, followed by accommodation-only exercises, were found to be more effective than exercises targeting both systems. However, effort effects had a greater impact on convergence and accommodation than the orthoptic exercises. This PhD will now explore the effects of orthoptic exercises on those with convergence and accommodation anomalies.

Funding Notes

This project is available for self-funded students only.

Candidates must have a first or upper second class honors degree or significant research experience.

Interested candidates should in the first instance contact Dr Sonia Toor

How to apply:
Please complete a University Postgraduate Research Application form available here: View Website

Please clearly state the prospective main supervisor in the respective box and select Oncology and Metabolism as the department.


Horwood, A. and Toor, S. Clinical test responses to different orthoptic exercise regimes in typical young adults. Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics 2014, 34 (2): 250-262

Horwood, A., Toor, S. and Riddell, P. Change in convergence and accommodation after two weeks of eye exercises in typical young adults. Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus 2014, 18 (2): 162-168

Email Now

Insert previous message below for editing? 
You haven’t included a message. Providing a specific message means universities will take your enquiry more seriously and helps them provide the information you need.
Why not add a message here
* required field
Send a copy to me for my own records.

Your enquiry has been emailed successfully

FindAPhD. Copyright 2005-2018
All rights reserved.