Research interests/description of main research theme:
Vitamin D deficiency is highly-prevalent and has been linked - mainly through population epidemiology - to musculoskeletal (MSK) decline in both ageing, and age-related diseases. Nonetheless, mechanistic links between Vitamin D deficiency and MSK health remain poorly defined. Vitamin D exerts many of its cellular actions through the vitamin D receptor (VDR). We have recently found that loss-of-function and gain-of-function of the VDR stimulated skeletal muscle atrophy and hypertrophy, respectively, in rat electroporation models. These data add to, and further, evidence from transgenic models of VDR knockout (KO) illustrating that the VDR regulates skeletal muscle mass. Moreover, in the same study, we showed that VDR expression was reduced in older humans, while expression of the VDR increases in line with muscle mass gains in response to resistance exercise. Collectively, all available data suggest Vitamin D and Vitamin D receptor dependent regulation of muscle mass (our data, autonomously so).
Vitamin D-deficiency and altered VDR regulation has been implicated in MSK ageing and many age-related diseases. This maybe for many reasons e.g. poor diet, reduced sunlight exposure and deranged processing of Vitamin D molecules to bio-active receptor binding steroid forms (in addition to age-related dysregulation of VDR gene expression). However, follow-on research is needed to define links between Vitamin D status, VDR and MSK health. The present project will; 1) identify novel links between Vitamin D status and MSK ageing, using existing ageing/exercise/immobilization/COPD bio-banks; 2) determine Vitamin D, and Vitamin D-independent effects on muscle mass using a pre-existing cell model of VDR knockdown (lentivirus-mediated sustained VDR loss-of-function previously generated and sustained, in the host-lab); 3) determine if Vitamin D deficiency leads to exercise maladaptation(s).
Applicants should have a strong undergraduate background in biological sciences subjects, and ideally, some background in skeletal muscle metabolism and physiology. They should have a commitment to research into musculoskeletal ageing, and hold or realistically expect to obtain, at least an Upper Second Class Honours Degree in a relevant subject. In addition, a relevant Master’s degree would be preferable. Individual’s should be commited to the conduct of clinical studies, but crucially, should also expect to undertake a significant amount of analytical lab work and biostatistics.
How to apply
Informal enquiries should be directed to Prof Philip Atherton ([email protected]
Applications should be directed to Lisa Fuller (email – [email protected]
). To apply, please send:
• A detailed CV, including your nationality and country of birth;
• Names and addresses of two referees;
• A covering letter highlighting your research experience/capabilities;
• Copies of your degree certificates with transcripts;
• Evidence of your proficiency in the English language, if applicable.
This studentship is full-time and will begin on 1st of October 2019
Interviews will take place on 21st March 2019.