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Towards a sustainable production approach: Energy consumption and environmental aspects in machining of CFRP composites

   School of Engineering

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  Dr Muhammad Younas, Prof Nadimul Faisal  No more applications being accepted  Competition Funded PhD Project (Students Worldwide)

About the Project

Robert Gordon University, through the School of Engineering is offering a PhD studentship, within the Advanced Materials Research Group.

This project offers an exciting multidisciplinary opportunity at the School of Engineering to work across both Materials Science and Manufacturing Engineering making use of the advanced facilities at RGU. Machining and mechanical material removal processes are vital in manufacturing operations in the automotive and aerospace industries to produce engineering components. The tool-workpiece interaction affects the tool life, surface quality and energy consumption per unit volume of material removed and thus has an impact on the overall machining environment.

The objective of the study is to perform an investigation into the machinability of the CFRP from the viewpoint of energy utilization and sustainability. The proposed project will focus on the use of CNC machine tools to perform extensive cutting experiments on composite parts. Data collected through experimentation will be analysed and a holistic approach toward sustainable machining will be adopted to see the impact of the machining parameters on the tool life, energy consumption and environmental aspect of the composite processing. This project may also involve an analytical/numerical modelling of the material behaviour during the machining process with the aim of understanding the nature of hard-to-cut materials.

Over the past few years, efforts have been made to develop methodologies that can be used to machine metals and alloys with the goal to optimize the machining responses such as tool life, energy consumption, cutting forces and surface roughness of the final parts. However, composite machining has been a challenge for many industries. Therefore, this project aims to build upon an existing body of knowledge and develop an effective strategy to further extend it to the sustainable machining of CFRP composites. This will result in significant cost savings in processing such materials and aid in the data-driven transformation of the shop floor environment.

Desirable skills and knowledge: Knowledge or experience of CNC, compostite materials and numerical simulations is advantageous.

Applications should be emailed to Dr Muhammad Younas at [Email Address Removed] The applications should consist of a covering letter or personal statement of interest, academic transcripts and a CV.

It is expected that candidates are available to register and commence study on 01 Feb 2023. In addition, the successful candidate will be expected to submit publications to refereed journals and to present their findings at international conferences.

Questions should initially be addressed to: 

Dr Muhammad Younas

School of Engineering, Robert Gordon University, Sir Ian Wood Building, Garthdee Campus, Aberdeen, AB10 7GJ United Kingdom

E: [Email Address Removed]

Entry Requirements

Applicants should have a First- or Second-Class UK honours degree, or equivalent CGPA from non-UK universities in a relevant discipline such Mechanical Engineering, Aerospace Engineering, Polymer Technology, Nanotechnology or Materials Science and Engineering. An MSc in a relevant subject is highly desirable. Knowledge or experience of machining of alloys/composites and modelling & simulations is advantageous.

Keywords: Manufacturing, Sustainable production, Energy consumption, Materials engineering, Machining, characterisation, composites, FEA

Funding Notes

Applicants are eligible for a fee waiver studentship for the duration of the 3 years. This studentship will cover the tuition fees only for qualified home or overseas students. Interested candidates will have to secure their own financial support to support their living costs during the duration of the PhD study.
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