£6,000 FindAPhD Scholarship | APPLICATIONS CLOSING SOON! £6,000 FindAPhD Scholarship | APPLICATIONS CLOSING SOON!

About the Project

The University of Sheffield invites applications from outstanding candidates for this PhD scholarship opportunity.

The project is looking at understanding the interplay of transport emissions and economic output enabled by transport and mobility in urban environments. The development of the transport network is one of the most critical aspects in city planning as this impacts various economic sectors in different ways and to various degrees. Land use and transport infrastructure development are to be looked at simultaneously. By looking at both complementary and redundant transportation modes, mobility resilience and diversification can be put in relation to the vital parameters of the urban environment.

New modelling frameworks are needed [1], which map the development of a sustainable transport network for a city to one which ensures economic prosperity for general spatial configurations.

Interactions between economic actors can be associated with emissions and costs, and mapped through networks. As such, a natural environment for this project would be at the intersection of network science and the new science of cities [2].

This project will seek to answer research questions such as

- What is the environmental cost of urban economic prosperity due to transport and what are the optimisation leverage points to minimise the former while maximising the latter?

- What kind of transport evolution is desirable for a city which considers accessibility demands as well as geographic and demographic constraints?

- What is the effect of an economy-optimised urban transport system on social and planning aspects of a city, such as segregation, sustainability and self sufficiency of individual neighbourhoods?

Answering the general questions above will enable scenario-based analysis capabilities to be used in conjunction with geographically embedded networks and agent-based models, fitted around the economic, social and transport network in South Yorkshire

This will shed light on more specific problems such as where transport hubs and interchanges should be placed to favour multimodal and active travels.

The Urban Flows Observatory is seeking applicants for a PhD candidate with a strong background in STEM, strong numerical (essential) and possibly skills in one or more areas amongst Operations Research, Graph Theory, Optimisation, GIS. The starting date is commencing October 2022.

The scholarship is part of a larger Research England-funded interdisciplinary program of work on sustainability in South Yorkshire, working closely with local and regional partners. Interested candidates should apply with a CV, two academic references, and a single-page personal statement and project idea on the above project statement. Your statement should address why you want to do a PhD and your initial thoughts on a research idea/project stated above.

We require applicants to have either an undergraduate honours degree (1st) or MSc (Merit or Distinction) in a relevant science or engineering subject from a reputable institution.

For general and/or informal enquiries please contact Dr Giuliano Punzo ().

[1] Barbosa, H., Barthelemy, M., Ghoshal, G., James, C.R., Lenormand, M., Louail, T., Menezes, R., Ramasco, J.J., Simini, F., Tomasini, M., 2018. Human Mobility: Models and Applications. Physics Reports, Human Mobility: Models and Applications 734, 1–74. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physrep.2018.01.001

[2] Verbavatz, V., Barthelemy, M., 2020. The growth equation of cities. Nature 587, 397–401. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-020-2900-x

Funding Notes

1 fully funded PhD (Home-UK student)
Students receive fees and stipend (at the RCUK rate)
The ideal candidate should have strong analytic basis and previous knowledge, skills or an interest in one or more amongst operations research, network/graph theory, optimisation, GIS.

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