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Use of ammonia as energy vector for power generation and propulsion

   Department of Mechanical Engineering

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  Prof R Balachandran  No more applications being accepted  Funded PhD Project (Students Worldwide)

About the Project


In the aim to reduce carbon footprint and environmental impact of the energy sector, there is a huge drive to decarbonise existing combustion technologies. Gas turbines will be essential components of the future energy ecosystem, and hence manufacturers are striving to develop turbines which offer high efficiencies with low/zero pollutant emissions. Ammonia is a potential carbon-free energy vector which can be used directly for combustion of as a carrier for hydrogen. However, the use of either of these fuels with current gas turbines has considerable scientific challenges due to issues of flame instability, flashback, combustion oscillations and pollutant emissions.

This studentship is linked to an EPSRC funded project (further details: and will involve developing a fundamental understanding of flame stabilisation and dynamics relevant to ammonia combustion. The project will involve utilisation of optical diagnostic techniques to study these phenomena as they enable highly-resolved, non-intrusive measurements of flame structure and species. Additionally, the research will focus on understanding the thermoacoustic behaviour of ammonia combustion systems, particularly non-linear flame response. The candidate will be working with a group of highly driven and specialist researchers at UCL and will have opportunities to liaise with leading industrial companies who are part of this project. Understanding fundamental ammonia flame behaviour will allow development of effective retrofitting strategies for existing engine infrastructure.

The position will also offer opportunities to engage in teaching assistant activities, and work with researchers and engineers in the Energy and Environment group. As a PhD student at UCL, the candidate will benefit from training in high-impact research and high-performance computing, and access to state-of-the-art experimental laboratories. Furthermore, the candidate will be encouraged to publish work in leading journals and present findings in national/international conferences.

Person Specification:

Applicants must have a first class of upper 2:1 degree in engineering, chemistry, physics or related discipline, with an interest in thermofluids, experimental characterisation, and data analysis. Excellent organisational, interpersonal and communication skills are essential. Background in thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, design (CAD) and MATLAB is desirable.

Closing Date and Start Date:

Advertisement duration: 2 months

Value of award:

Full tuition fees and tax-free stipend of £17,285 per annum (for 3 years).

Application Process:  

Eligible applicants should first contact Professor Rama Balachandran ([Email Address Removed]) or Dr Midhat Talibi ([Email Address Removed]) quoting the job reference. Please enclose a one-page statement outlining suitability for the project and two pages CV (including contact details of two referees). The supervisory team will arrange interviews for short-listed candidates. After interview, the successful candidate will be given instructions to formally apply online via the UCL website. For further information, see


Funding Notes

This funding is for UK/EU nationals; international students may apply, however, fees will be capped at UK/EU level. Please refer to the following website for eligibility criteria:
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