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Use of Secondary Raw Materials in New Product Development (Advert Reference: SF19/EE/MCE/CHEUNG)

  • Full or part time
    Dr Wai Ming Cheung
  • Application Deadline
    Applications accepted all year round
  • Self-Funded PhD Students Only
    Self-Funded PhD Students Only

Project Description

Circular economy is an emerging model that keeps resources in the economy as long as possible. Resources can be reused, creating further value while relieving environmental pressures, for example the increase use of secondary raw materials (SRMs) to reduce the dependence on virgin materials.

The aim of this proposed project is to develop an approach to take full advantage of reusing secondary materials in new product development by design. Product design is an important aspect to achieve this, only through good design, minimal design changes can occur in decision making during the product development process. However, it is the decision made at the early design stage would contribute the largest impact of a product in the circular economy model.

This project is supervised by Dr Wai M Cheung.

Please note eligibility requirement:
• Academic excellence of the proposed student i.e. 2:1 (or equivalent GPA from non-UK universities [preference for 1st class honours]); or a Masters (preference for Merit or above); or APEL evidence of substantial practitioner achievement.
• Appropriate IELTS score, if required.

For further details of how to apply, entry requirements and the application form, see

Please note: Applications that do not include a research proposal of approximately 1,000 words (not a copy of the advert), or that do not include the advert reference (e.g. SF19/EE/MCE/CHEUNG) will not be considered.

Start Date: 1 March 2020 or 1 October 2020

Northumbria University takes pride in, and values, the quality and diversity of our staff. We welcome applications from all members of the community. The University holds an Athena SWAN Bronze award in recognition of our commitment to improving employment practices for the advancement of gender equality and is a member of the Euraxess network, which delivers information and support to professional researchers.

Funding Notes

This is an unfunded research project.


• Cheung, W.M., Leong, J.T., Vichare, P (2017), “Incorporating Lean Thinking and Life Cycle Assessment to Reduce Environmental Impact of Plastic Injection Moulded Products”, Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 167, Pages 759-775.
• Anthony, C., Cheung, W.M., (2017), Cost Evaluation in Design for End-of-Life of Automotive Components, Journal of Remanufacturing, Vol. 7, No. 1, Pages: 97-111.
• Aso, R and Cheung, W.M., (2015), “Towards Greener Horizontal-Axis Wind Turbines: Analysis of Carbon Emissions, Energy and Costs at the Early Design Stage”, Journal of Cleaner Production. Vol. 87, Pages 263–274.

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