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Using different methodologies to maximise strength training outcomes in athletes and general population: Integration of the load-velocity profile and perceptual response

   Institute for Lifecourse Development

  Prof Fernando Naclerio, Dr Marcos Seijo  Applications accepted all year round  Self-Funded PhD Students Only

About the Project

About the Project: Strength training programmes have been traditionally designed using a two-part method: (1) undertaking a dynamic maximal strength test [e.g., 1 repetition maximum (1RM)] and then designing submaximal relative loads based upon the initial 1RM (e.g., 85% of 1RM for strength or 60% 1RM for muscle endurance) or (2) use the criterion of repetition maximum (RM) targets (e.g., 5RM for strength, or 15RM for muscular endurance). Alternative methodologies based on subjective methods of autoregulation (e.g., repetitions in reserve, Ratings of Perceived Exertion, or by the measurement of movement velocity are innovative individualised approaches to design and control strength training programmes.

The velocity-based method establishes thresholds considering the gradual decrease in the exercise velocity occurring as the exercise sets progress over the workout. Therefore, maintaining the targeted velocity range while exercising with a given load is a meaningful factor impacting training outcomes. Similarly, the use of the perceptual response to estimate loading zones and monitor changes in movement velocity has been also proposed as a useful valid measure of exercise intensity and physiological exertion during resistance exercises. Indeed, previous studies conducted in our laboratory demonstrated the suitability of the OMNI-RES 0-10 perceptual scale to differentiate loading zones and identify changes in the movement velocity in upper- and lower-body resistance exercises.

Aims: (I) To explore the best methodological approach to design and control resistance training programmes for improving functional performance and muscle hypertrophy in physically active individuals. (II) To compare the effectiveness of the following methods to promote athletic performance over medium (4 to 6 weeks) and long-term (>6 to 16 weeks) interventions, (i) Relative load estimation (%1RM); (ii) Load-repetition maximum target; (iii) Velocity based training; (iv) Perceptual response-based training

If you would like to discuss this opportunity and the PhD project before applying, please contact Professor Fernando Naclerio (Professor in Strength and Conditioning and Sports Nutrition) or Dr Marcos Seijo [Senior Lecturer in Exercise Physiology]

Duration: 3 years Full-Time Study or 6 years Part-Time Study. Type: Self-Funded

How to Apply:

Please read this information before making an application. Information on the application process is available at:

Applications need to be made online via this link. No other form of application will be considered. Please submit your application under the PhD Human Sciences programme. All applications must include the following information. Applications not containing these documents will not be considered:

• A research proposal (about 1500 words) related to the subject topic *

• A CV including 2 referees * (one ideally being from a dissertation supervisor)

• Personal statement outlining the motivation for this PhD and this particular project

• Academic qualification certificates/transcripts and IELTs/English Language certificate if you are an international applicant or if English is not your first language or you are from a country where English is not the majority spoken language as defined by the UK Border Agency *

*upload to the qualification section of the application form. Attachments must be a PDF format.

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