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XEROS: eXtreme EuRopean drOughtS: multimodel synthesis of past, present and future events


Project Description

Goal: Recent European droughts are mostly evaluated within the context of hydroclimatic conditions of the second half of the 20th century. It is thus possible, that recent European drought events are less (or more) severe than previously thought. The XEROS project aims at (1) assessing the extremity of recent European drought events in the perspective of long (i.e., 500-year) benchmark period and (2) improving the process understanding of drought genesis. The underlying analysis will employ a multi-model reconstruction of hydrologic variables using the palaeoclimatic reconstructed driving data. Current state-of-the-art hydrologic/land surface models will be used to estimate spatio-temporal dynamics of the surface and subsurface water component. This will enable an improved understanding of historical characterisation of large scale drought events and exploratory analysis of the governing atmospheric parameters influencing the genesis of droughts. Better understanding of the uncertainties in the past will allow to project future hydroclimatic conditions across Europe more reliably.

High-profile international candidates from engineering, geosciences or computer science, wishing to achieve a further step in their career in the dynamic research environment of the Czech University of Life Sciences Prague are welcome to apply. Candidates with previous experience in data analysis of big data sets and solid background in basic science will be considered with particular attention.
Within the 4 years study period, the PhD students will be rewarded with 20,000-25,000 CZK/month net (785-1000 EUR) + bonuses, which is enough to cover the living costs in CR.

Funding Notes

It is a bilateral grant funded by Czech Science Foundation and Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft

References

see our related previous research

Hanel, M., Rakovec, O., Markonis, Y., Máca, P., Kyselý, J., Samaniego, L., Kumar, R. (2018) Revising recent European drought in a long-term perspective. Scientific Reports. 8(1), 9499.

Markonis, Y., Hanel, M., Máca, P., Kyselý, J., Cook, E. R. (2018) Persisting multi-scale fluctuations shift European hydroclimate to its millennial extremes. Nature Communications, 9(1), 1767.

at https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-27464-4 and
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-04207-7

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