BACKGROUND. Earth’s climate is changing, and heatwaves are becoming more frequent and extreme. Biodiversity is responding to these changes by shifting ranges, declining and going extinct, but the proximate drivers remain poorly understood.
This is a CASE project with Cefas. Scientific Rationale. The shallow seas over continental shelves are an important sink in the global carbon cycle and therefore have a large impact on Earth’s climate.
The challenge of managing and reducing domestic waste is a growing sustainability problem for governments and Local Authorities. Recycling rates are increasing, but this is not enough to address the environmental challenges faced by our throwaway material culture.
The Gaia hypothesis (Lovelock & Margulis 1974) proposes that organisms have a significant effect on the physical and chemical environment on Earth, and that feedback loops between organisms and the environment have evolved that stabilize the environment.
Practices of democratic governance and decision-making have been institutionalised in environmental policy, yet are constantly evolving and travelling, and new democratic practices are continually being developed.