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Geophysics PhD Projects, Programs & Scholarships in Southampton

We have 32 Geophysics PhD Projects, Programs & Scholarships in Southampton

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Showing 1 to 30 of 32
  Molecular mechanisms of adaptation in globally successful cyanobacteria
  Dr I Tews, Prof E Achterberg, Dr T Bibby
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. Cyanobacteria are the most abundant photosynthetic organisms on the planet. Their success is rooted in a diversity of strategies that allow them to adapt to the highly varied physical and chemical marine.
  The Taphonomy of Archaeological Molecular Biomarkers
  Prof A.W Pike, Prof G S Attard, Dr S Bray
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. Molecular biomarkers have the potential to reveal archaeologically invisible aspects of the past.
  Some theories are more equal than others: A Bayesian approach to glacial-interglacial changes in ocean carbon storage
  Dr A Marzocchi, Dr S Josey, Dr M Jansen
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. Earth’s climate has undergone large transitions between cold “glacial” and warm “interglacial” stages.
  How do submesoscale physical processes influence the biological carbon pump?
  Dr A Martin, Dr S Henson, Dr P Goodwin, Dr R Taylor
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. The ocean is a huge reservoir for carbon. Understanding the processes that retain it in the ocean—rather than release it to the atmosphere—is key to making accurate climate predictions.
  Temporal variability of the carbon system across the Atlantic Ocean; causes and implications
  Dr S Hartman, Dr R James, Dr P Brown, Dr A Schaap
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. Approximately 25% of the carbon dioxide (CO2) produced by fossil fuel combustion enters the ocean. Without this sink, the rate of CO2 buildup in the atmosphere would be larger than it is.
  Onshore/Offshore Seismic Imaging of the New Zealand Subduction Zone
  Dr N Harmon, Prof L McNeill, Dr C Rychert
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. The behaviours and processes that occur at subduction zones inform our global understanding of plate boundary interaction at a variety of scales with broad implications for plate tectonics, volatiles cycling, seismic hazard and climate.
  The death of oceanic mesoscale energy at western boundaries of ocean basins
  Dr E Frajka-Williams, Prof A Naveira-Garabato, Dr G Evans, Dr L Clement
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. Mesoscale eddies – swirling vortices of water 100-200 km across—are highly energetic and ubiquitous in the world’s oceans, acting to redistribute energy and properties and potentially modulating the strength of the large-scale ocean circulation.
  Climate Change, Plate Tectonics and Machine Learning
  Dr C Rychert, Dr J Whiteside
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. Our understanding of the transition from the lithospheric plate to the weaker asthenosphere has recently been revolutionized by seismic imaging that finds a sharp, strong discontinuity at the base of the plate.
  Determining Earth’s Volatile Cycling using Machine Learning
  Dr C Rychert, Dr T Henstock
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. Earth’s volatile cycle is fundamental to human existence on the planet. However, precise constraints on this system have proved challenging.
  Caribbean Subduction: Seismic Imaging of Melt and Volatiles in the Lesser Antilles with joint inversion, full-waveform, and machine learning approaches
  Dr C Rychert, Dr T Henstock
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. Dense oceanic tectonic plates sink beneath buoyant continental plates at subduction zones. The ocean plate adds volatiles like water to the mantle, lowering the melting temperature, and enabling melting and eventually creating volcanoes at Earth’s surface.
  Geophysical properties of seafloor hydrate reservoirs
  Dr A Best, Dr S Sahoo, Dr L North, Prof T Minshull
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. Globally, seafloor gas hydrates offer a strategic source of natural gas that may be equivalent in size to all known conventional gas reserves.
  Quantifying Variations in Hydrothermal Contributions to the Oceans:Scaling from drill core observations to global models
  Dr R.M. Coggon, Prof D Teagle, Dr B Thornton
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. Ocean chemistry reflects a dynamic balance between riverine inputs, biological processing, sediment burial, and hydrothermal exchanges with ocean crust.
  What controls the warming of the Antarctic Bottom Water supply to the Atlantic Ocean?
  Dr P Abrahamsen, Prof A Naveira-Garabato, Dr E Frajka-Williams, Prof M Meredith
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. During the last three decades, the Antarctic Bottom Water (AABW) that fills the bulk of the ocean abyss has exhibited a striking warming and contraction in volume over much of the world ocean, particularly in the Atlantic basin.
  Avalanche dynamics on desert dunes: Processes and drivers, from ancient to modern
  Dr J Nield, Dr R Ewing, Dr M Baddock
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. Avalanching is responsible for wind-blown dune migration on Earth and Mars and because avalanches are preserved in dune stratigraphy, they are the most direct way that we can interpret past wind-climate conditions.
  Physical and biogeochemical controls on the marine primary productivity of the Galápagos Archipelago
  Prof A Naveira-Garabato, Dr A Forryan
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. The waters surrounding the Galápagos Archipelago (GA) are an iconic biological hot spot.
  Hydrate formation from CH4 released during serpentinisation. How important it is on Earth?
  Dr H Moreno, Dr G Bayrakci, Dr I Falcon Suarez, Prof D Teagle
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. Methane hydrate is an ice-like substance that forms at high pressures and low temperatures when sufficient methane is available in continental margins and deep ocean sediments.
  The Evolution of Fluvial Sediment Delivery from Asia’s Rivers to the Oceans: Trends and Causes
  Dr J Leyland, Prof SE Darby
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. This project aims to quantify and explain variations (1985-2020) in the discharge of fluvial sediment to the oceans, with a focus on the continent of Asia.
  Microplastic characteristics, fluxes and accumulation in the Atlantic Ocean
  Prof R Lampitt, Prof A Cundy, Dr A Horton, Dr K Pabortsava
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. Plastic contamination of the oceans is of considerable concern and may cause significant damage to ecosystem structure and function.
  Abrupt climate change during the last deglaciation: linking records from Greenland to central Europe.
  Prof A Kemp, Prof PG Langdon, Dr J Whiteside
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. The last deglaciation (16,000 – 11,000 years ago) was Earth’s most recent massive climate change but its dynamics are not adequately understood.
  Interaction between fluid flow and stress fields from seismicity
  Dr D Keir, Dr T Gernon
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. The flow of high-pressure fluids in the Earth’s crust commonly causes rocks to fracture, thereby causing measurable small magnitude earthquakes (micro-seismicity) to occur.
  Bayesian analysis of Earth’s climate sensitivity: past, present and future
  Dr P Goodwin, Dr K Oliver, Prof T Tyrrell
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. The biggest cause of uncertainty in predicting the magnitude of future global warming, for a given pattern of CO2 emissions, lies in Earth’s ‘climate sensitivity’ (the increase in average surface temperature following a sustained doubling of atmospheric carbon dioxide).
  Fine-scale electric fields and Joule heating from observations of the Aurora
  Dr R Fear, Dr D Whiter, Prof B Lanchester
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. The Earth’s aurora borealis (northern lights) are a spectacular natural phenomenon.
  Heat Transfer between the ocean and the seabed: implications for the effective operation of marine high voltage cables.
  Dr J Dix, Dr G Callender, Dr J Pilgrim, Dr T Henstock
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. The temperature of the sediments that surround buried marine high voltage cables play a critical role in their design, operation and maintenance.
  Joint elastic-electrical properties of clay-rich sediments with fluid-filled fractures
  Dr A Best, Dr S Sahoo, Dr L North, Prof T Minshull
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. Accurate characterization of shallow sub-seafloor geological reservoirs and overburden sediments is essential for geological CO2 storage, gas hydrate exploitation and monitoring of fluids and host sediment properties during gas production and CO2 storage activities.
  The deep roots and internal structure of active and extinct seafloor massive sulphide deposits
  Dr G Bayrakci, Prof T Minshull, Dr B Murton
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. Hydrothermal polymetallic seafloor massive sulphide (SMS) deposits form when seawater circulates within oceanic rocks driven by heat from below.
  Predicting future methane release from the seabed due to Arctic warming and sea ice retreat
  Dr Y Aksenov, Dr H Moreno, Dr B Sinha, Dr K Oliver
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. Methane hydrate is an ice-like substance that is stable at high pressures and low temperatures and is present beneath the seabed on continental margins.
  Catastrophic change to Earth’s magnetic field
  Dr C Xuan, Prof P Wilson, Dr G Hellio
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. Earth’s magnetic field provides a protective shield from harmful effects of the solar wind, but field strength and behaviour are constantly changing.
  Asian Monsoon drought and flood intensity: testing predicted response to changes in global warmth and polar ice volume
  Prof P Wilson, Dr C Xuan, Dr A Crocker
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. The Asian Monsoon (AM) is a major component of the global climate system, affecting the lives of four billion people.
  Aurora caused by energetic proton precipitation into the polar atmosphere
  Dr D Whiter, Dr R Fear, Prof B Lanchester
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. The aurora is a result of energised charged particles (electrons and protons) travelling down the Earth’s magnetic field lines and colliding with the neutral atmosphere.
  The Ultimate Limiting Nutrient for Oceanic Primary Production
  Prof T Tyrrell, Dr A Yool, Dr J Wilson
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. In order to know how Earth’s climate system works, we need to understand what controls oceanic primary production.
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