Invasive non-native species (INNS) threaten biodiversity world-wide. In Scotland, introduced mammals including American mink, hedgehogs, grey squirrels and stoats damage multiple SPA or SAC designated areas.
To avoid catastrophic climate change the world needs to switch to renewable energy. This will require the placement and operation of very large offshore windfarms (fixed and floating) as well as tidal stream, lagoons and wave energy developments.
The pollination services provided by bees and other insects are vital to persistence of Scotland’s semi-natural habitats, and they sustain important rural industries including production of crops, soft fruits and honey.
Oil and gas infrastructure represent an important network of hard substrates that facilitates the stepping stone migration of native marine organisms as well as potentially aiding the spread of non-native invasive species.