Invasive non-native species (INNS) threaten biodiversity world-wide. In Scotland, introduced mammals including American mink, hedgehogs, grey squirrels and stoats damage multiple SPA or SAC designated areas.
To avoid catastrophic climate change the world needs to switch to renewable energy. This will require the placement and operation of very large offshore windfarms (fixed and floating) as well as tidal stream, lagoons and wave energy developments.
The pollination services provided by bees and other insects are vital to persistence of Scotland’s semi-natural habitats, and they sustain important rural industries including production of crops, soft fruits and honey.
There are many offshore structures and installations used for the extraction of oil and gas and for renewable energy with a limited life that have to be decommissioned, a process governed by international and UK laws and regulation.
Oil and gas infrastructure represent an important network of hard substrates that facilitates the stepping stone migration of native marine organisms as well as potentially aiding the spread of non-native invasive species.
The way data is displayed can drastically change the understanding of the data and the decisions being made from this data. With a few exceptions, data has no natural visualisation so important choices have to be made about how it should be displayed.