Project Background. The Devonian period (419-359 million years ago) is the critical time in Earth history when land plants evolved from being ankle high simple branched naked twigs to being leafy trees growing in complex forest ecosystems (Stein et al.
This project will study Cretaceous dinoflagellate cysts. It seeks to understand relationships between dinocysts, a proxy for marine nutrient availability and organic zooplankton fertility, and episodes of black shale (petroleum source rock) deposition during Oceanic Anoxic Events (OAEs) in the mid-Cretaceous.
How stable were Antarctic Ice Sheets during warm climate intervals in the past? What are the main events and processes controlling Antarctic climate and how are they related to global environmental change? The polar regions play a key role in our understanding of environmental change in a future warmer-than-present world.
Modern mammals are distinguished from other vertebrate groups by a number of distinctive characters, which include the trend towards a large brain (in comparison to body size) and an expanded neocortex.
Quantitative or semi-quantitative biostratigraphic data (microfossil occurrences in well and outcrop samples) are routinely collected within the hydrocarbon industry, but the interpretation of the data in terms of age/biozone and palaeoenvironment (which then feeds into other aspects of the exploration process) can be laborious, requiring access to specialist knowledge.
The Icelandic Plume is the most vigorous mantle convection cell within Earth’s mantle at present. The Greenland-Scotland Ridge (GSR) is the hotspot track of the Icelandic Plume and forms one of the most important gateways in the global circulation system.