In the last decade, there has been extensive debate concerning the relative merits of evidence-based medicine compared to intuitive clinical judgment. While evidence-based medicine, grounded in clinical research, offers the reassurance of standardized protocols, it has been seen as over-reductionist. Doctors often deal with uncertainties, sifting through incomplete, potentially conflicting and imprecise data in order to arrive at a diagnostic hypothesis, and must work off-protocol on occasions where this is in the best interests of patients.
Keeping an open mind is seen by many as key to successful diagnosis. Avoiding fixation upon one particular approach, coming up with multiple alternative interpretations, and producing innovative solutions to non-standard problems are all markers of creativity – and specifically, of divergent thinking. Yet current medical student selection procedures focus primarily upon ‘soft skills’ and academic aptitude, in tasks which are convergent in nature: that is, they lead to only one correct solution, deduced through the application of logic, ethics or established protocols.
Working together with our Medical School at the University of Buckingham, you will collaborate with Medical School clinical educators and your supervisors in the Psychology Department to enhance our knowledge of the role of creativity in medical diagnostic skills. You will join an existing longitudinal study looking at the progress of medical students from selection to the completion of their 3rd year of study. The role will involve the application of psychological theory in the field of creativity to all aspects of this progression, and will involve the development of novel paradigms to evaluate the efficacy of training programmes offered by the Medical School.
The supervisory team is made up of:
- Dr Kathryn Friedlander (http://www.buckingham.ac.uk/directory/dr-kathryn-friedlander/
) whose research focuses upon expertise development and motivational drivers in cognitive and creative performance domains; divergent thinking and its relationship to fluid intelligence and creativity; insight problems and the ‘Aha!’ moment; and medical education and diagnostic biases;
- Dr Philip Fine (https://www.buckingham.ac.uk/directory/fine-dr-philip/
) whose research focuses upon expertise development, creativity, and the relationship between executive functions, working memory, fluid intelligence and divergent thinking.
- Dr Claire Stewart (https://www.buckingham.ac.uk/directory/dr-clare-stewart/
), Assessment Lead at the University of Buckingham Medical School. Claire is a qualified GP, whose MSc examined the procedures used in medical school student selection. She is engaged in active research into in psychometric and academic assessment in the medical education field.
Kathryn and Philip are currently co-editing a Frontiers Research Topic on Creativity (http://journal.frontiersin.org/researchtopic/6290/novel-approaches-for-studying-creativity-in-problem-solving-and-artistic-performance
) to which they will also be contributing. Their most recent joint publication https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00567
has been viewed over 30,000 times and was the #2 most read Frontiers in Psychology publication for 2016.
In terms of entry qualifications, PhD (DPhil) applicants must hold at least a 2:1 Honours degree in Psychology or an associated subject at Undergraduate level (including at least a 2:1 in their final year dissertation), and would typically be expected to have an MSc degree (or equivalent) although this may be waived in the case of an exceptional applicant. The candidate should be enthusiastic about the research area and have excellent written and oral communication skills along with experience of qualitative and quantitative methodologies. Good data-handling and stats ability would be an advantage, as this project will involve the analysis of large data-sets.
In the first instance, full-time doctorate research students are required to register for an MPhil degree for not less than nine months after initial registration, and must then fulfil academic requirements to upgrade to a DPhil degree.
You will join the CREATE research hub at the University of Buckingham https://www.buckingham.ac.uk/research/create
. This is a thriving, friendly and supportive centre of research activity, which welcomes applications from potential MSc and DPhil candidates across a wide range of related topic areas. We are founder members of the ‘UK Creativity Researchers’ group. To explore further, read our blog http://www.createpsy.com