The safety of pedestrians is a critical area for improvement over the Decade of Action. The pedestrian star ratings used by iRAP provide an initial benchmark of safety performance and priority improvements that are cost effective. Priority research needs for pedestrians exist in the following areas: •The safety of efficacy of unsignalised pedestrian crossings and measures needed to modify designs and/or enforce compliance from drivers that are widely seen as abused in LMICs. •Individual risk of walking alongside roads versus individual risk of crossing roads •Methods of estimation of pedestrian flow that can be applied in low and middle income countries. •Effectiveness and key design criteria for pedestrian fencing to control and manage crossing movements and large volumes of pedestrians.
To find out more about studying for a PhD at the University of Birmingham, including full details of the research undertaken in each school, the funding opportunities for each subject, and guidance on making your application, you can now order your copy of the new Doctoral Research Prospectus, at: http://www.birmingham.ac.uk/students/drp.aspx