• University of Glasgow Featured PhD Programmes
  • University of Warwick Featured PhD Programmes
  • University College London Featured PhD Programmes
  • University of Nottingham Featured PhD Programmes
  • King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) Featured PhD Programmes
  • University of Glasgow Featured PhD Programmes
  • Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine Featured PhD Programmes
  • Brunel University London Featured PhD Programmes
University of Manchester Featured PhD Programmes
Cardiff University Featured PhD Programmes
Imperial College London Featured PhD Programmes
Coventry University Featured PhD Programmes
Coventry University Featured PhD Programmes

Can laboratory interventions which can improve rate of skill learning be generalised to athletes learning a new athletic skill?

This project is no longer listed in the FindAPhD
database and may not be available.

Click here to search the FindAPhD database
for PhD studentship opportunities
  • Full or part time
    Dr T Stafford
  • Application Deadline
    No more applications being accepted
  • Competition Funded PhD Project (European/UK Students Only)
    Competition Funded PhD Project (European/UK Students Only)

Project Description

Learning theory has identified a number of fundamental trade-offs in motor skill learning: component vs “whole-skill” training; blocked vs interleaved practice; the exploration-exploitation trade-off. All learners and coaches will have an intuitive feel how to vary training so as to balance emphasis on the different ends of these spectra. There is evidence, however, that the self-guided practice of non-elite sportspeople is systematically biased so as to produce sub-optimal improvements in skill learning (Huang, Shadmehr & Diedrichsen, 2008). For example, a bias towards practicing what we already know (the ‘exploitation’ part of the exploitation vs exploration trade-off) is widely-known, and reflects, broadly, ‘confirmation bias’ in the psychological domain (Nickerson, 1998). This bias leads to the under-exploration of the complex parameter space of skilled motor actions, hindering us from learning optimal movements. We have developed a laboratory motor skill learning task and shown that participants show just such a reliance on what they already know, and that this hampers optimal skill learning (Stafford et al, 2012).
The aims of this project would be
1. To show that interventions to decrease reliance on what is already known (i.e. to increase exploration via perturbation and/or handicap training) improve skill learning in our laboratory task.
2. Develop metrics which allow us to diagnose when interventions in training will be most effective.
3. Test if laboratory interventions which can improve rate of skill learning can generalise to athletes learning a new athletic skill

Funding Notes

This is one of many projects in competition for the current funding opportunities available within the Department of Psychology. Please see here for full details: http://www.sheffield.ac.uk/psychology/prospectivepg/funding
Overseas students are welcome to apply for funding but must be able to demonstrate that they can fund the difference in the tuition fees.
Requirements: We ask for a minimum of a first class or high upper second-class undergraduate honours degree and a distinction or high merit at Masters level in psychology or a related discipline.

References

Huang, V. S., Shadmehr, R., & Diedrichsen, J. (2008). Active Learning: Learning a Motor Skill Without a Coach. Journal of Neurophysiology, 100(2), 879 –887.
Nickerson, R. S. (1998). Confirmation bias: A ubiquitous phenomenon in many guises. Review of General Psychology, 2(2), 175-220.
Stafford, T., Thirkettle, M., Walton, T., Vautrelle, N., Hetherington, L., Port, M., Gurney, K., et al. (2012). A Novel Task for the Investigation of Action Acquisition. PLoS ONE, 7(6), e37749. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0037749

Related Subjects

How good is research at University of Sheffield in Psychology, Psychiatry and Neuroscience?

FTE Category A staff submitted: 34.45

Research output data provided by the Research Excellence Framework (REF)

Click here to see the results for all UK universities
Share this page:

Cookie Policy    X