Using Birth Cohorts to Understand the Impact of Urban Green Space on Child Health and Wellbeing - Biomedicine, PhD (GW4 BioMed MRC DTP)
Supervisory Team: Dr Benedict Wheeler
Location: Truro (Cornwall), Medical School
A growing evidence base indicates that urban greenspace is beneficial for population health outcomes including cardiovascular disease, anxiety/depression, and diabetes (Hartig 2014; WHO 2016). Health benefits are theorised to arise via mechanisms including physical activity, stress recovery and mitigation of risks (e.g. noise, air pollution). Some research indicates that benefits can start accruing in childhood; we have shown links between greenspace and children’s physical activity in Bristol (Wheeler 2010). However, there is a recognised need for more robust study of childhood health impacts.
This PhD will involve longitudinal investigation of urban greenspace and health outcomes amongst children growing up in the ALSPAC and Born in Bradford birth cohorts. The exact research questions and hypotheses to be investigated will be developed by the student with the supervisory team, but the PhD will develop through four stages:
1. Systematic review of urban greenspace and child health and wellbeing, including consideration of moderation by SES, ethnicity etc. This will situate the research in the existing evidence, taking a critical and unbiased approach. The review protocol will be registered with PROSPERO. The student will gain excellent training at Exeter (support from the PenCLAHRC Evidence Synthesis Team) and Bristol (e.g. Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis 4-day course).
2. Cohort data linkage: The student will develop skills in secondary data linkage, a key aspect of contemporary population health research. They will develop a set of geographical physical and social environmental indicators and link longitudinally to cohort participants. They will also explore linkages based on e.g. school location, to consider the wider living environment.
3. Cohort analysis: The student will develop analyses to robustly investigate relationships between environmental indicators and health outcomes within the cohorts. This will require significant training in advanced epidemiological methods, provided within the host institutions, and externally where necessary.
4. Implications: The student will be supported to work with stakeholders to consider how research findings can inform strategies to promote child health through urban environments. They will capitalise on supervisors’ extensive networks of research users, including local authorities, Public Health England and WHO. They will discuss their research widely, e.g. through ECEHH’s widely read Beyond Greenspace blog.
The PhD will: - Be highly interdisciplinary (epidemiology, geography, environmental science) - Provide training in advanced methods in quantitative health and social sciences, evidence synthesis, and internationally significant birth cohorts - Be embedded in world-leading research groups - Give opportunities for knowledge exchange with stakeholders including local authorities, Public Health England and WHO Hartig et al 2014. Nature and health. Ann Rev Public Health 35. Wheeler et al 2010. Greenspace and children’s physical activity: a GPS/GIS analysis of the PEACH project. Prev Med 51. WHO 2016. Urban green spaces and health. WHO, Copenhagen.
Start date: October 2018
Most studentships will be 3.5 years full time or up to 7 years part-time, and can be longer where additional training is undertaken.
How to apply
APPLICATIONS OPEN ON 25 SEPTEMBER AND CLOSE AT 17:00 ON 24 NOVEMBER 2017.
IMPORTANT: In order to apply for this project, you should apply using the DTP’s online application form. More information on the application process may be found here: http://www.gw4biomed.ac.uk/projects-2/for-students/
You do NOT need to apply to the University of Exeter at this stage – only those applicants who are successful in obtaining an offer of funding from the DTP will be required to submit an application to study at Exeter.
Stipend matching UK Research Council National Minimum (£14,553 p.a. for 2017/18, updated each year) plus UK/EU tuition fees
UK and EU applicants who have been residing in the UK since September 2015 will be eligible for a full award; those who do not meet this residency requirement may be eligible for a fees-only award.
Applicants who are classed as International for tuition fee purposes are not eligible for funding.