Living in Hungary – A Guide for PhD Students |
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Living in Hungary – A Guide for PhD Students

Written by Mark Bennett

Central Europe doesn’t come much more central than Hungary, but there’s more to the country than its (often striking) geography. Hungarian culture and ideas have also been central to wider European history, leaving their mark on the striking architecture of cities like Budapest and Pécs.

All of this makes Hungary a popular destination for travellers heading off the beaten track in Europe, but what’s it like to live there for three or more years during a Hungarian PhD? This page provides a helpful introduction, with information on accommodation, living costs, leisure opportunities and other important details.

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Student life

Hungary has well and truly emerged as a hub for European tourism in recent years, with visitors attracted by its beautiful cities, unique folk culture and rich history. Not to mention the food and drink. As a PhD student, you'll be to get closely acquainted with all of these.

You'll be also researching your thesis in a country that has inspired plenty of other great ideas, from the ballpoint pen to the Rubik's cube (who knows, you might even find time to solve one whilst you're there).

Culture and tourism

As part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Hungary played a key role in shaping modern Europe. This may not seem all that relevant to your PhD (unless you’re studying nineteenth-century politics) but the country’s history has left a rich architectural and cultural legacy, all of which you’ll be free to explore (and / or research) during your degree.

The capital (and largest university city) Budapest, is especially spectacular: its churches and other historic buildings lining the banks of the river Danube. Other cities such as Pécs are also home to some of the oldest Hungarian universities.

Sport and leisure

Hungary has a proud sporting history, having been runners up in two World Cup competitions and holding the sixth highest number of Olympic medals in Europe.

The country is also famous for its tradition of music, dance and literature, drawing on a range of rich folk traditions and celebrated in its museums, concert halls and galleries.

In contrast, Budapest in particular is famous for its twenty-first-century ‘ruin pubs’: unplanned venues derived from apartment buildings, warehouses and other spaces, now serving as hubs for the city’s vibrant – and welcoming – nightlife.

Food and drink

Hungarian cuisine is very distinctive, including unique versions of soups, stews and goulashes – many of which derive from early nomadic farmers and settlers. Meat is a staple in many traditional dishes, but don’t worry: vegetarians and vegans are also well catered from by a range of cosmopolitan shopping and dining options.

Hungary is also one of Europe’s most important winemaking regions with Tokaj (a sweet desert wine) and Bikavér, or ‘bull’s blood’ (a full-bodied red wine).


The good news is that housing in Hungary is relatively cheap and you’ll have a range of housing options available to you during your PhD programme:

  • University halls - Hungarian universities sometimes provide their own student dormitories. These will usually provide the simplest and most convenient accommodation option, particularly at the beginning of your PhD. Places may be limited, however, so make a point of getting in touch to investigate availability. Expect to pay between €52-78 per month.
  • Private halls – Independent landlords usually offer their own student dormitories in popular university cities such as Budapest, Debrecen or Pécs. These are likely to be more expensive than university halls, with a typical cost of €246-519 per month.
  • Flats or rented rooms – Various other types of accommodation are also available. These won’t be purpose-built for students, but they can offer more privacy – at a cost. Prices vary significantly, but are likely to be between €117-€285 per month for a rented room.

For more information, see the accommodation advice published by the official Study in Hungary service, or check with your university’s international office.

Living costs

The cost of living in Hungary is also fairly low – at least compared with other popular European study destinations.

The Hungarian Government suggests that students have access to around €700 per month (including accommodation) and this will be a condition for your visa application.

Prices in Hungary

Actual living costs will vary according to your needs and lifestyle, but the following table gives some typical examples:

Student Cost of Living in Hungary - 2024
Restaurant Meal €7.93
Cinema Ticket €6.61
Monthly Travel Pass €25.12
Monthly Utilities €142.23
Based on crowdsourced data published by Numbeo.

You can also use an official cost of living calculator maintained by Study in Hungary.

Costs in your city

The best way to find out typical living costs for your PhD is to ask your university about prices (and accommodation options) in the local area.

Working during your PhD

All students are entitled to work to some extent whilst completing a degree in Hungary.

However, you should check that any work you take on fits with the requirements of your doctoral programme. Hungarian PhDs usually follow a two-stage structure and the first phase in particular is likely to be fairly demanding, with a number of taught classes and curriculum elements.

The amount of work you can do during a PhD will depend on your nationality and visa status:

  • EU, EEA and Swiss students will normally be able to work without restriction during term time and holidays
  • Other international students can work for up to 24 hours per week during term time and up to 66 working days during holiday periods

Some paid employment - such as teaching - may also be available as part of your doctoral programme. You should check whether this counts towards overall restrictions on your working hours.


The Hungarian currency is the Forint (Ft), not the Euro. Opening a local bank account won’t be compulsory for your PhD, but it may be required if you are receiving any funding – including support as part of a state-funded PhD place. Needless to say, a local bank account will also be useful if you plan to work in Hungary as a student.

Various high street banks operate in Hungary and most will offer standard ATM and online banking facilities to international students.


Hungary is land-locked, so, unless you try a Danube river cruise, you probably won’t be arriving at university by boat. Instead you’ll be better off travelling by train or coach.

Most inter-city services connect with or pass through Budapest, meaning that it’s probably easier to arrive in the capital and travel on from there (if you need to).

Rail and road travel

The Hungarian railway service is run by MAV (Magyar Államvasutak) the official state carrier. Coach services are operated by a number of companies, including Volanbusz.

Air travel

The largest airport in Hungary is Budapest Ferenc Liszt and this is the main hub for international flights in and out of the country. Smaller domestic and international airports operate in other cities.

Inner-city travel

Large cities such as Budapest operate their own metro services and some may offer student rates or other discounts for regular travellers.

Find a PhD in Hungary

Ready to start browsing some current PhD opportunities in Hungary? Alternatively, you can look at our other guides to PhD study abroad.

PhD Study in Hungary – A Guide for 2024

With 600 years of academic history and a range of specialised universities, Hungary has a lot to offer international PhD students. Our guide explains how Hungarian doctoral programmes work, with information on fees, funding and applications.

Read more

Last Updated: 08 November 2023