Record-keeping in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) within electronic patient record systems: Current practice and motivations for collecting structured data
Research PhD studentships - Clinical Research Training Fellowships in Methodology
Background: Electronic patient records (EPRs) allow collection of digital health information for individual patients with the primary purpose of providing clinical care. EPRs have significant potential in future clinical trials and outcomes research but a number of barriers need to be overcome. Adoption of systems for capturing structured clinical data at point-of-care has been slow, EPR systems vary widely between providers and consensus is often lacking on minimum or core datasets to be captured for specific conditions. As EPR provision increases in secondary care, it is important to understand how information is collected within the consultation and utilised within the record. While clinical care needs to be patient centred, data collection for research needs to be performed in a similar way across all patients to avoid selection bias, or missing data that are ‘missing not at random’ - both of which affect internal validity.
What the studentship will encompass: Using the Inflammatory Bowel Diseases as exemplars of life-long, chronic conditions managed mainly in secondary care, this PhD will explore these barriers and aim to identify ways to address them and recommendations to inform evolution of the UK IBD Registry. The first phase will involve ethnographic observations of information collection and recording during clinical consultations between hospital healthcare professionals and IBD patients. Questions to be explored include:
• How is historical information in the EPR utilised within the consultation?
• What information is collected within the consultation?
• How is that data captured and recorded?
• What is this data used for?
• What factors influence data collection (e.g. disease severity, patient preferences)?
• What knowledge do healthcare professionals have of emerging consensus on minimum electronic datasets for IBD (as promoted by the UK IBD Registry programme) and Core Outcome Sets (as considered recently by ICHOM)?
If EPR systems are to be configured to collect a greater amount of structured data, any change needs to be viewed positively by clinicians and either time-saving or time-neutral. Hence, the second phase will involve semi-structured qualitative interviews with a purposefully selected clinician sample to explore their possible incentives, motivations and ranked benefits of collecting structured information in EPRs. To explore transferability of findings to other chronic diseases, interviews will be extended to include clinicians from two other specialities (Rheumatology and Diabetes). The third phase will comprise user testing of a prototype enhanced EPR for IBD in clinical practice (informed by phases one & two), based on modifications to the current UK IBD Registry’s disease-specific EPR (Web Tool).
Supervision: Dr K Bodger (Primary Supervisor; SL in Medicine; Hon. Cons. Gastroenterologist; Dept of Biostatistics, UoL) will provide expertise in IBD and related outcomes research. He leads the analytical hub for UK IBD Registry (based at UoL; funded by an award from Crohn’s & Colitis UK). Prof B Young (Prof. of Psychology) will provide expertise in qualitative methods, clinical trials and communication in clinical settings; Prof P Williamson (HoD, Biostatistics) will provide expertise in Core Outcome Sets (COS), quantitative methods and clinical trials methods. Collaboration and supervision will be provided by Dr S Brookes (Bristol Hub), joint lead for ConDuCT-II Hub outcomes theme, an experienced trial methodologist and contributor to development and methodology of a number of COSs.
Planned Field Work: Direct ethnographic observation, surveys and interviews of front-line hospital teams at hospital sites (gastroenterologists and specialist nurses) in an outpatient setting, and opportunities to work directly with the UK IBD Registry team
Projects suitable for a clinician would offer a clinical salary, commensurate with experience. The CRTF supports clinically active professionals within the UK to undertake a higher research degree. These projects would provide three- years support.
Due to funding restrictions only home/EU applicants are eligible for funding through this programme. Eligibility and residence requirements must be met. Candidates are advised to review the RCUK/MRC studentship documentation for full details.
http://www.rcuk.ac.uk/RCUK-prod/assets/documents/documents/TermsConditionsTrainingGrants.pdf for more information.