The aim of this PhD project is to map and evaluate the different policies, strategies and processes of the NHS England with regards to climate change adaptation and mitigation and to measure and suggest improvements on how the health sector contributes to two of the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals.
SUMMARY. The tropics cover 40% of Earth’s area, include 36% of its land, and are home to 40% of its people. Africa is the continent with the largest tropical land mass, and its rapidly growing population includes many of the people who are most vulnerable to climate change.
This is a CASE project with Cefas. Scientific background. There is huge uncertainty in terms of how climate change may affect health human (IPCC 2014), and this PhD provides an opportunity to explore one exciting area, namely how climate change may affect waterborne disease.
Riverine flooding evaluation typically includes a hydrologic analysis to estimate the flood peak discharge or hydrograph for a reference return period, and a hydraulic model to compute the corresponding water surface elevations and flooded areas.
What is the spectrum, distribution and prevalence of human adaptations to flood events and heatwaves? Which strategies to adapt to any environmental shock or stress are most common and which most rare? The short answer is – we don’t know.
Cold-adapted species, including those restricted to mountains, are highly vulnerable to climate change. For UK butterflies, cold-adapted species are similarly threatened by climate change mediated decline, with some species demonstrating range retractions concurrent with recent warming.