Background. Hydrogen Induced Cracking (HIC) / Stress Oriented Hydrogen Induced Cracking (SOHIC) is the process of hydrogen forming metals becoming brittle as a result of the diffusion mechanisms of hydrogen into the microstructure of steel structures.
The Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) is the main UK government agency for funding research and training in engineering and the physical sciences, investing more than £850m a year.
Manchester was described as the shock city of the 19th century industrial world. Famous for its manufacturing industries but also notorious for its poor housing conditions it attracted the attention of social and political commentators of the period.