It’s no surprise that Australia is such a popular destination for international PhD students: as well as boasting a bevy of world-class universities, the country scores extremely well in quality of life metrics. Of course, there’s also the enviable climate, unique wildlife and cosmopolitan cities to enjoy.
This page will give you an overview of what you need to know about student life in Australia, from culture and accommodation to the cost of living and transport.
PhD students in Australia will have plenty of opportunity to explore this antipodean nation’s fascinating culture and natural beauty, from the Great Barrier Reef to the Gondwana Rainforests. Major cities like Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane draw visitors from around the globe, frequently appearing near the top of various liveability metrics.
Many of Australia’s most iconic sights are located in Sydney, its largest city. From the sail-like structure of the Sydney Opera House to the Sydney Harbour Bridge (the world’s biggest steel arch bridge), Sydney is understandably a big draw for tourists, who also flock to the Bondi Beach surfing hotspot.
Melbourne is another major Australian metropolis with its own unique atmosphere, sometimes thought of as the country’s cultural capital. The National Gallery of Victoria hosts sprawling collections of Australian and international art, while the Queen Victoria Market is home to an eclectic range of food traders.
Situated in the centre of Australia, the Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park is a sacred site for the Pitjantjatjara and Yankunytjatjara Aboriginal peoples. Visitors to the UNESCO-listed park can learn about Indigenous culture, as well as hike in the stunning natural surroundings.
Sport is a huge part of the Australian national identity. Cricket, rugby and Aussie rules football all have fanatic followings, while the ‘Socceroos’ are a fixture at the FIFA World Cup.
Australia is also one of the world’s great surfing destinations. The country’s natural attractions also provide unparalleled opportunities for hiking, snorkelling and other outdoor (or should that be ‘outback’?) pursuits.
Australian cuisine is much more than the stereotypical ‘shrimp on the barbie’ (although barbeques are undoubtedly an important part of Australian life). The food on offer reflects Australia’s status as one of the most diverse countries in the world, with dishes from every corner of the globe. Greek, Vietnamese and Lebanese are among the popular cuisines in Australia.
Australia is also known for its café culture, and it’s said that the flat white was invented in Sydney back in the 1980s.
The large numbers of international students at Australian universities are well-catered for when it comes to accommodation, with university-owned dorms or private lets available. Whichever option you go for, it’s wise to begin your search as early as possible, particularly in the major cities like Sydney and Melbourne.
University-owned accommodation is usually more affordable than private alternatives and is often centrally located on campus. It can come in the form of shared rooms, shared flats or self-contained studios.
On-campus accommodation usually costs in the region of AUD $110 to AUD $280 per week (USD $75-192). This normally includes all utilities and bills.
Private accommodation offers a little more flexibility in terms of location and size. You could share a house or flat with some fellow students to save on costs or find your own apartment. Weekly rent is typically between AUD $185 and AUD $440 (USD $127-302), which doesn’t usually include utilities.
Australia is quite an expensive country to live in. The Australian government requires that international students have AUD $20,290 (USD $16,000) per year to support themselves (not including tuition fees).
This table will give you a rough idea of some of the typical student living costs you’ll encounter in Australia.
|Restaurant Meal||AUD $20 (USD $13.65)|
|Cinema Ticket||AUD $18 (USD $12.30)|
|Monthly Travel Pass||AUD $148 (USD $100)|
|Monthly Utilities||AUD $202 (USD $137.90)|
|Based on crowdsourced data published by Numbeo.|
An Australian student visa allows international students to work 40 hours per fortnight during term-time and unlimited hours during study breaks.
Voluntary work doesn’t count towards the limit if it benefits the community and is for a non-profit organisation.
Please note that you can only work for the duration of your course – not before you’ve registered as a student or after you’ve graduated.
Some Australian banks allow international students to open an account online in advance of their arrival in the country.
If you’re not able to do this, it’s easy enough to organise once you’ve arrived in Australia – you’ll need to bring your passport, letter of acceptance from your university and proof of address.
Australia is a huge country, with most major urban areas concentrated on its eastern seaboard (Perth is on the west coast). This means that there are some pretty huge distances involved in travelling between cities (it takes around 10 hours to drive between Sydney and Melbourne, which are relatively close by Australian standards!).
Australia’s rail network services its major cities well, despite the massive distances between them. Travelling between Melbourne and Sydney takes around 10 hours (similar to a car journey), while Sydney to Brisbane takes around 15 hours.
Domestic flights are the quickest (if not the most eco-friendly) way to travel between cities in Australia. Reasonably priced flights allow students to travel between Sydney and Melbourne in an hour and a half. Flights between Sydney and Perth take between four and five hours.
Australian cities have decent public transport options, with Melbourne in particular home to the world’s largest tram network! Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Adelaide and Perth all have light rail. Public buses are also a reliable way of getting around.
Last updated - 04/11/2019