Poland is an important social, cultural, historical and intellectual hub within central Europe, with a university system that draws on this tradition.
A PhD in Poland awards an internationally recognised doctorate, with structured training and development woven into your programme. Fees are low and PhD students are at the forefront of a growing university system.
This page explains the opportunities for international PhD study in Poland, with information on universities, fees and scholarships.
Poland has one of the oldest higher education systems in the world, with a rich history of famous artists, musicians, writers and scientists. You’ve probably heard of Fryderyk Chopin, Marie Skłodowska-Curie, Nicolaus Copernicus, Joseph Conrad, Lech Wałęsa, and the Warner Bros. But did you know they are all Polish?
As a country that has achieved independence relatively recently, Poland is on the rise with a dynamic economy and society. These improvements can be seen in its education system: Polish universities have some of the largest numbers of students in Europe – and those numbers are increasing.
Studying a PhD in Poland will provide the opportunity to achieve an internationally recognised degree and you will be part of a university system on the up.
|Oldest University||Jagiellonian University (1364)|
|PhD Length||3-4 years|
|Representative Fees||€3-6,000 per year|
|Academic Year||October to September|
There are two types of higher education institution in Poland:
The university-type institutions provide around 70% of Poland’s higher education. Poland has 19 standard research universities with broad expertise, all of which are public institutions. Additionally, there are specialised universities such as universities of technology, medical universities, universities of economics and many others. These institutions can be public or private.
Poland’s higher education system is in a stage of development following the country’s regaining independence. Despite this, Polish universities are included in all major global rankings tables.
|University||THE 2019||QS 2019||ARWU 2018|
|University of Warsaw||601-800||=364||301-400|
|Adam Mickiewicz University||801-1000||801-1000||-|
|AGH University of Science and Technology||801-1000||801-1000||-|
|Warsaw University of Technology||801-1000||601-650||-|
|Information in this table is based on the latest Times Higher Education World University Rankings, QS World University Rankings and Academic Ranking of World Universities. Visit their websites for more information.|
University rankings can help you choose a PhD project or programme, provided you know what to look at. Our guide explains how to use rankings as a prospective postgraduate.
Individual universities are responsible for developing and approving their own doctoral programmes.
Currently, the awarding of degrees by all Polish higher education institutions is overseen by the Polish Accreditation Committee (PKA). Therefore, a PhD can only be awarded if the university meets strict criteria. This includes a minimum number of staff with recognised research outputs and a minimum ratio of students to supervisors. This ensures high quality research training with proven academic experts.
Doctoral programmes in Poland are organised in accordance the Bologna Process and have equivalence with most other international PhDs (including the UK). Polish universities also implement the European Credit Transfer System (ECTS) to facilitate international exchange and qualification recognition.
Full-time (studia stacjonarne) doctoral programmes usually last between three to four years; they often last the full four years.
It is also possible to study a PhD part-time (studia niestacjonarne). This form of study often has an additional tuition fee associated with it. The duration and regulations of these degrees can vary depending on your prospective university and research field.
Each PhD student will have an academic supervisor. This supervisor must be an expert in their field and have satisfactory academic achievements during the last five years.
Your supervisor will monitor your progress, provide guidance, advise on aspects of research activity including publication and conference attendance, and assist in the preparation of your doctoral thesis. The thesis must be approved by your supervisor before submission.
Polish PhD programmes are often more structured than those in other countries. In addition to your research, they usually contain several compulsory training components, forming a curriculum that must be fulfilled to complete your doctoral programme. These are generalised requirements – the specific training you will need to complete will be specified by your prospective university’s Doctoral Study Regulations.
PhD students must also undertake 10-90 hours of formal teaching, usually for undergraduates at your university. Your running of these classes will be observed and assessed by your supervisor or another experienced teacher.
You will also have to attend taught classes yourself (both in a general subject and specialised discipline). These classes will be a combination of compulsory, optional, and professional training. They often include training in a modern foreign language. You must complete a minimum number of hours of this teaching and will be assessed through coursework and / or doctoral examinations.
As a doctoral student in Poland, you will also be required to submit annual progress reports on your research.
To be awarded a Polish doctoral degree, you must:
The doctoral thesis defence is the equivalent of the UK viva voce examination. You will be assessed by an examination committee attended by reviewers and your doctorial supervisor.
This assessment is a public defence – it is announced with a research summary and reviews and attendance is open to everybody. You will present your research to the audience and face questions from reviewers and members of the public audience.
The tuition fees in Poland are lower than most countries of the EU. There are also a number of funding opportunities for students through scholarships, grants and aid payments.
There are no PhD fees for Polish students, or for EU / EEA / Swiss students with Polish heritage (demonstrated by possessing the Polish Charter, Karta Polaka).
There are tuition fees for other international students. However, these are relatively low compared to the rest of Europe – on average €3,000 per year (this can increase to around €6,000 depending on research institution and study programme).
Doctoral students in Poland are able to receive several forms of financial support to fund your studies. The awarding of these scholarships is usually based upon merit and / or financial need.
There are several funding options available for PhD candidates, several of which are available for international students. The most common of these are bilateral agreements between the Polish government and the PhD candidate’s home country government. Examples include:
More information about these bilateral scholarship agreements can be found at the Polish National Agency for Academic Exchange (NAWA).
Full-time PhD students may also be eligible for doctoral scholarships by your university (amounting to at least 60% of minimum basic wage) in return for carrying out additional academic duties such as teaching.
There are often other forms of financial support available from your prospective Polish university, including: maintenance grants, aid payments, achievement scholarships, meal grants, accommodation grants and disability grants.
Applications to study on a Polish doctoral programme are processed by individual universities. So, you should apply directly to your prospective institution.
PhD applications at Polish universities often have associated registration and application fees. These are typically a minimum of €275.
International applications should be made well ahead of the start of the academic year in October to provide enough time to process and issue travel documents and undergo immigration procedures.
All PhD candidates must have a Masters (magister) degree or equivalent. Other equivalent degrees are usually recognised in Poland provided they:
Specific PhD entry requirements, conditions and application procedures can vary between institutions and subject disciplines. Information regarding these will be available from your prospective Polish university – each higher education institution must publish the admission requirements for the new October academic year by 31 May of the same year.
The general eligibility criteria for PhD applications in Poland is similar to most other countries in the Europe. Our guide explains entry requirements for a prospective PhD student.
An increasing number of doctoral programmes in Poland are taught in English. Where this is the case, non-native English speakers and students whose first degree was not taught in English will have to submit satisfactory scores of a recognised English language test.
However, most higher education programmes in Poland are taught in Polish. To enrol for a doctoral degree taught in Polish, you may need to undertake relevant training and preparation before enrolment or as a condition of enrolment. This will likely include development of Polish language skills – details on Polish language courses and State Certificate examinations can be found at Polonicum.
PhD applications in Poland will require additional application documents and processes. These are similar to those in the UK. Our guide explains PhD applications for a prospective PhD student.
Poland is very welcoming to international students, and immigration procedures are fairly simple and relaxed for both EU / EEA citizens and other foreign students.
EU / EEA / Swiss students do not require a visa to study in Poland; a valid passport is satisfactory. However, other international students will initially need to obtain a visa at a Polish embassy in your home country prior to travelling to Poland. This is necessary to enter Poland and has an application fee of €60. You will require:
This can be a short-term (C type) visa valid for 90 days, or a long-term (D type) visa valid for up to one year. Either way, to study a PhD you will be in Poland for longer than permitted by a visa alone and you also need to apply for a temporary residence permit. More information about visas can be found at the Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MSV).
All foreign students (including those from the EU, EEA and Switzerland) require a temporary residence permit to stay in Poland for the duration of a doctoral programme.
Applications should be made to your local Voivodeship Office (provincial government office), and the procedure costs around €90. The application documents and requirements for the residence permit are similar to that of the visa. This provides you with a Temporary Residence Card, allowing you to cross the Polish border and visit other EU countries as often as you wish. The first permit is valid for up to 15 months and can be renewed for up to three years (but no longer than the duration of your PhD programme).
EU / EEA / Swiss national students need to apply for their residence permit within the first three months of stay in Poland.
Other international students need to apply for their residence permit at least 45 days before their visa expires.
All international students studying in Poland require valid medical insurance before arriving in the country.
EU / EEA students will normally be covered as European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) holders.
Other international students will need to purchase their own form of medical insurance before arriving in Poland (this is also required to be eligible for a visa). Alternatively, international students can be entitled to healthcare by purchasing a voluntary health insurance agreement from the Polish National Health Fund (NFZ) for around €15 per month.
The Polish higher education system regards student employability as an important aspect of its remit. Therefore, all Polish research universities are required to monitor the career progress of their alumni to ensure they offer the best education and produce highly employable graduates.
As a holder of a Polish university doctorate, you will have benefitted from comprehensive training in academic and professional skills alongside your research.
Studying a doctoral programme in Poland will also provide experience of life and work at the heart of Europe as well as awarding an internationally recognised degree.
As a graduate of a Polish university full-time doctoral programme, you do not need a work permit to work in Poland, even after your studies are completed. All you required is that you update your residence permit. The residence permit can be extended for a further 2-3 years, after which you may need to apply for a work permit or permanent residence.
You may also be required to apply for a blue card, which enables employment throughout the EU. This is valid initially for two years and can be extended for a further three years, after which point you may need to apply for permanent residence.
Last updated - 30/11/2018